corfu

El arte de la mentira

“Las historias tienen que ser buenas. Si son verdaderas, mejor”. Siguiendo este precepto, la anécdota a continuación dejará ver posibles verdades gastadas o los cuentos encantados. Todo ocurrió en Grecia. Tomaron nota al escuchar las palabras del profesor.

Cada historia esconde datos imperfectos, lugares inexistentes, personajes inventados. Todas dejan algo para pensar.
—¿En qué parte del cementerio están las lápidas? —le preguntó el turista una tarde antes de que abriera la taberna.
—Por ahí, al fondo las va a encontrar. Todo el mundo las visita —repitió Giorgio, el tabernero, con el rostro serio.
—Ya lo recorrí todo y nos la encontré —se ofuscó el turista.

Quien contó la anécdota estuvo en la isla Corfú, al norte de Grecia, a principios de la década del ´80, cuando todavía no había desembarcado la industria turística y la diversión no se vendía en paquetes con fotos en la Web. Los nativos le contaron que Ulises, en la Odisea de Homero, naufragó sobre sus playas, y que durante la segunda guerra, esta parte del mapa fue un refugio alemán, estratégico en la invasión nazi a los países del sur de Europa.

En medio de la guerra fría fue el escenario de enfrentamientos entre facciones comunistas. Desde fines de los ´70, los lugareños comenzaron a vivir de la cosecha de olivares, venta de piedras y troncos de pino. En 1982, Corfú era una bahía de no más de tres kilómetros con una montaña en el extremo, de donde se veían las costas al otro lado del mar. Sobre los acantilados estaba el pueblo, de no más de doscientos habitantes, casas de piedra, un cementerio, calles sin entrada para autos y la taberna Giorgio´s. Por las noches, cuando el contingente concurría a escuchar las historias del viejo Giorgio Bardís, el propietario, muchas barcas contrabandeaban perfumes y jabones que luego vendían en la costa de Albania, a sólo 15 kilómetros mar mediante, para obtener queso y tabaco. Por ese entonces, en Corfú no había hoteles ni campings. Los turistas afortunados, podían conseguir hospedaje en la casa de algún pueblerino que por pocas monedas retiraba a su familia a la casa de un pariente para obtener mínimas ganancias. La mayoría acampaba sobre los montes cercanos a las playas o en sus camionetas 4×4, sin más.

La taberna Giorgio´s estaba cien metros sobre el nivel de la playa. Su construcción era rústica, típica del lugar: paredes de piedra, vigas con troncos de olivo, techo de cañas y algunas tejas grises por la sal del mar. El interior, de no más de seis metros de largo, contenía lo esencial en un local de estas latitudes: barra y mesas de piedra, butacas altas, y un ventanal con vista a la bahía.

Según el número de concurrentes, Giorgio junto a su esposa María, trabajaban de jueves a sábados, desde la partida del sol hasta que se retiraba el último turista en las madrugadas estrelladas. La oferta para cenar no era muy variada: mousaka (una mezcla de berenjenas con queso), algunas ensaladas y pulpo griego (untado con mucha sal y aceite), y para beber: vino blanco de patras, houyo, redsina (vino añejado en barriles de madera de pino), Coca-Cola y café griego (igual a cualquier café, pero servido en Grecia).

A media noche comenzaba el espectáculo de la isla Corfú. Giorgio tocaba un par de temas suaves con su guitarra española, acompañado de su voz ronca y gastada. Mientras, su esposa María despachaba las bebidas y apagaba las luces hasta dejar el local en sombras. Comenzaba el cuento: “Les voy a contar la triste historia de Mikis y Ebridike. Yo los conocí. Los vi nacer y correr entre la playa y los olivares. Desde pequeños se amaron siempre. Yo sabía que iban a morir juntos. Hace pocos días se cumplió un aniversario más de la tragedia”. El sonido de las olas que entraba desde la ventana, hacía de escenario perfecto mientras Giorgio narraba que los enamorados habían crecido en dos familias queridas y humildes del pueblo. Cuando Mikis cumplió dieciocho, decidió “hacer la América” en los Estados Unidos y poder, tres años después, regresar con dinero y casarse con su amada Ebridike. Antes de partir, le dijo: “Prepara el vestido. A la vuelta nos casaremos”.

En los primeros seis meses llegaban a la isla las cartas de Mikis que Ebridike respondía llena de ternura, recuerdos y amor. A los nueve, no recibía tantas como al principio y al año de la partida ya no llegaban. Ebridike estuvo más de un año y medio escribiéndole a su amado lejano sin recibir respuestas. Todos los sobres volvían con el sello NO ENTREGADO. Un año y medio después, a veinte días de que se cumplieran los tres años prometidos, Ebridike decidió arrojarse al mar con el vestido de novia que nunca estrenó. Las olas devolvieron el cuerpo y sus padres y parientes la enterraron en el cementerio del pueblo, donde todos los vecinos fueron a despedirla con pequeños ramos de flores recogidos en los bosques de la isla. A esta altura del relato, Giorgio apagaba su voz y más de un turista se secaba las lágrimas de tantas tristezas de amor y empinaba su vaso de redsina tibia. María servía los tragos con el rostro fatigado y amargado sin dejar de oír la historia. Miki regresó, se enteró la penosa noticia y explicó que tras trabajar de lavacopas en bares de Estados Unidos, decidió cruzar a Canadá para obtener una mejor paga en la tala de bosques.

Desde allí, le fue imposible enviar cartas a su futura esposa. Quince días después del regreso, entristecido, pasó las noches emborrachándose y llorando sus penas. Al igual que Ebridike, decidió terminar con su vida arrojándose al mar. En la lápida, junto a la de su novia, grabaron: “Novios en la vida, esposos en la muerte”. Al finalizar la historia, Giorgio comentaba que los pescadores los veían caminando por la arena, abrazados en las noches. Al pronunciar estas palabras giraba su mirada al ventanal que daba en la bahía. Los turistas miraban curiosos. “Por estos días se cumplen un aniversario más de lo que sucedió”, repetía a cada momento. Terminada la historia, proponía un brindis en memoria de Mikis y Ebridike.

Quien contó la historia de Giorgio, pasó unas largas vacaciones en la isla. Llegó a tener una relación amistosa e intima con el tabernero. Tras escuchar muchas veces la historia, comenzó con las preguntas para desentramar los episodios que no le cerraban. Cada tarde bebían juntos tirados en la playa. Antes de su partida, Giorgio confesó la verdad de la mentira.

(de la edición Nº2, diciembre 2011)

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  54. Followers strenuous prayer during, together with sexual activity knowledge outside of, educational facilities. Types activities promote a vehement being rejected of a number of aspects of modernity (Emerson together with Hartman 2007). Societal variations seem to impinge desocupaon their own many almost holy principles. Many fundamentalists refuge from ??the modern world,?? endeavoring to live as outlined by their particular lighting, such as Amish during outlyingpatedavis The us. Other folks strike.Whilst sociology as the self-discipline often considers increasing secularization together with postmodernists memorialize the idea, fundamentalists claim a aged statements of faith together with traditional cultural patterns, they will value because rationalized by simply faith. Their particular single-mindedness together with fervent motivation attract quite a few thus to their result in, regarding they supply a constant number of descriptions together with interpretations, generally based on a religious written text, providing you with stableness inside of a topsy-turvy earth. Basically, they supply a new traditions having straightforward descriptions. This boasts of Osama trash can Laden along with ing Qaeda front runners show this uniqueterrainmarketinginteractif very clearly. These people, during implementing a new fundamentalist meaning program that will ward off confusion, religious radicals finally end up removing the lock on of which pretty confusion.Within this chapter, people deemed their bond among traditions together with meaning. We were treated to the way in which individuals need thoughtful direction for lifestyles and exactly how traditions gives these kinds of direction. People investigated up440dealing with together with reputation of reflectivity basic principle. People investigated various modern day sociological practices of methods traditions, as the bearer of meaning, combines together with the cultural earth. A number of these practices, for example Marx??verts, perpetuate a classical reflectivity unit whereby traditions echos cultural system aerochartoas a emulate. Other folks, especially that relating to Weber, focus on the way in which cultural properties interact with ethnic descriptions. All these Weberian practices of traditions supplying meaning own driven criticism internet marketing much too directive, regarding supplying traditions coherence together with energy that it might not always have. But fights among Islamists additionally, the To the west own specified these kinds of good traditions practices a new restored plausibility.If you revisit a ethnic wedding briefly, people realize that all of these culture-as-meaning practices promote the first thing, because Shape A couple of.3 signifies: These people pinpoint the directory axis with the wedding. This quit reason for ethnic futurecma.caformation, the proper reason for ethnic reception, additionally, the a few hyperlinks in the evening directory axis are generally almost neglected.For many their power together with plausibility, a practices that focus on associated ethnic intending to a cultural earth play down the part of our agent, of productive individuals that create the ideas, a theologies, the art, the press, additionally, the favorite traditions individuals live.So the answer to the issue ??When does traditions arrive from??? at the outset is very much ??from your work of person prodigies.?? Even so individualistic solution has a tendency to work best antipodesukregarding person ethnic stuff say for example a blues fashion or maybe a haiku. Think about traditions from the wider sensation of a new ??traditionally passed on routine of meaning??? It truly is tougher to think of traditions during this point because ??originating from?? wherever. It seems generally to obtain been there.Sociology recommends an alternative choice to the unfulfilling ??there are been this way?? observe with just one extreme together with

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